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The Taj Mahal - Architecture of a Love Story

Article of the Month - May 2001
Viewed 136871 times since 2nd Oct, 2008

On the hot, flat plains outside Burhanpur the queen lay dead. Her husband's prolonged war against Khan Jahan Lodi was almost at a close and soon the traitor's head would be displayed on a pike high above the city gates. But on this day talk of war was of no interest to the great king- for his queen was dead and he was in despair.

The throne room was empty. Emperor Shah Jahan did not display himself in finely embroidered robes at the royal window that day, nor did he sit with his concubines in the Jasmine pavilion enjoying the drama of an elephant fight in the river beds. He canceled all appointments and went directly into his rooms, where he locked the doors behind him for eight days. During this time he refused to take any food or wine, and the only sound that the ministers who gathered outside his apartments could discern was a low, continuos moan.

On the ninth day the doors opened, and to the surprise of everyone who had known the worldly ruler, Shah Jahan emerged speaking of the impermanence of life and of a desire to renounce his title and become a homeless fakir- this from the same man who, a few years earlier, had cut down four brothers to gain the throne. A strange physical transformation had also taken place: the emperor's back was now bent in a peculiar way and his hair, which had been raven black, had turned totally white. Whispers in the Hall of Public Audience hinted at something even stranger: was it an illusion, or had the emperor grown smaller since the queen's death?

Shah Jahan's unceasing misery wanted company, and he ordered his entire kingdom into mourning. A pall of solemnity hung over North India, and all popular music and public amusements, all perfumes, cosmetics, jewelry, and brightly colored clothes were forbidden. Offenders, no matter what their age or rank, no matter the innocence of their games, were arraigned before a court tribunal; if their behavior was judged disrespectful to the memory of the queen, they were executed. In keeping with his own decrees, Shah Jahan exchanged his royal cape for white robes. His subjects followed his example. Before long the entire country was dressed in white. So intense was this obsessed man's passion for his dead wife that he mourned her for almost ten years. It was recorded by an historian that "when she died, he was in danger to die himself."

Half a year after the queen's death, her corpse was brought from Burhanpur to the city of Agra, south of Delhi, which for generations had been the seat of rule for the Mughal Empire. In Agra, less than a league from the emperor's palace, a silent garden along the banks of a shallow river was chosen as the site for the queen's mausoleum. In the year 1631 the body of Queen Mumtaz Mahal arrived in Agra and was transferred to a temporary crypt in the garden grounds. After prayers were sung for souls of the dead, work began on the construction of a tomb that would be the most resplendent monument ever built by man for a woman. But although its brick foundations were laid in 1631, its history - according to one popular legend - can be traced back further, back to Agra on a day in 1607 when a festival was in progress at the Royal Meena bazaar.

The Royal Meena Bazaar, a private marketplace attached to the palace harem, was in turn a combination royal post exchange and sanctum sanctorum where the women of the aristocracy purchased the dyes, oils, and waxes fundamental to their elaborate toilet. Inside these walls no male dared trespass, for if he were caught he might expect - at the very least - to lose his hands and feet on the executioner's block. However, certain dates were set aside as "contrary days," when everything was done in reverse; and then, for one or two uninhibited days a month, the Royal Meena Bazaar opened wide its gates and became a lusty public pleasure ground.

On such a day everyone was welcome, male and female, royalty and lesser nobility - and anyone of rank or aspiration was certainly there. Most came to indulge in a peculiar game that was customarily played on such occasions. The ordinarily docile wives and concubines of the court reversed their roles and became noisy shopkeepers for the morning, selling trinkets from behind pavilions in the marketplace and flirting and bargaining with the young male courtiers, who - momentarily freed from the suffocating monotony of courtly routine - competed for feminine attentions or showed of their cultured wit by asking prices in rhymed Persian verse. On such days even the emperor might himself arrive, that great Oriental doge who was normally seven times removed from the stream of common life that flowed beneath him. And if he did come, then the Meena Bazaar's rule of the "converse" allowed that even His Majesty was fair target for a discreetly insulting haggle.

At one particular Meena Bazaar in 1607, the vendor hawking silks and glass beads was a newcomer; a girl of fifteen named Arjumand Banu Begam. She was lovely and high born, the daughter of the prime minister. These facts did not draw customers, however, but instead frightened away the young bloods who ordinarily might have approached the stall of one so fair and well-favored. For the prime minister was Asaf Khan, a powerful and suspicious statesman not to be treated disrespectfully, even on contrary days; only the highest in the land would dare flirt with the daughter of the king's wazir (prime minister).

On this same day, come to take his pleasure at the Meena Bazaar, was the handsome prince Khurram. Just sixteen, the prince was already a veteran of one war and a poet who could match couplets with the court laureate. His singing voice and his mastery of Koranic calligraphy were both well-regarded, and he had learned the principles of architecture so well that he was often asked to design balconies and municipal warehouses for his father, the emperor Jahangir. If he did at times enjoy attending executions in his father's underground torture chambers, and if he was especially fond of watching the spectacle of death by strangulation, he was, after all, a Mughal prince.

Following the fanfare of his royal arrival, Prince Khurram began to stroll from stall to stall, chatting with his friends and occasionally pausing to inspect the pretty faces, which on any occasion but this would be obscured by veils. Glancing past row upon row of bargaining courtiers and gaily colored tents, he caught a fleeting glimpse of Arjumand positioned near a niche in the corner of the marketplace. Within a moment he was standing at her stall. He wished, he said, to know the price of the large piece of glass on the counter, the one that was cut to look like a diamond. It was indeed a diamond, she facetiously insisted, and its price was high, very high - ten thousand rupees. It was more, she suggested, than even a prince of such eminence and reputation as he enjoyed could pay.

For a moment Khurram remained motionless, looking steadily at the young woman - wondering, according to legend, why the court gossips who discussed the ladies every afternoon at the underground baths had never spoken of Arjumand Banu Begam. Then, without a word, he drew ten thousand rupees from his sleeve, took the piece of glass, turned, and vanished into the ground, carrying the stone and Arjumand's heart with him.

The next day Khurram made an unusual and bold request to his father. Unusual and bold because in those days one did not marry for love alone. He sought the hand of Arjumand Banu in marriage. It is said that Jahangir smiled mysteriously - recalling perhaps his own love for Nur Jahan - and silently raised his right hand in assent.

Arjumand was born in her father's harem in 1592 and grew up there in the manner of all daughters of aristocrats. She studied the Moslem holy books, Islam being the official religion of the Mughals (it was a standard part of each child's education to memorize parts of the Koran), and we may assume that she was well-versed in the writings of the Prophet. Further education came from her father and from an even more important political figure, her aunt Nur Jahan (for she was Arjumand's father's sister), favorite wife of the emperor and the most powerful woman in India.

Mughal Harem


One year after the request was granted, Prince Khurram was indeed married - but not to Arjumand Banu Begam. His first wife was a Persian princess, Quandari Begam, a relative of the royal family of Persia. If the appearance of this Persian interloper seems to break the romantic sequence, one must bear in mind that in those days members of the royal family could not pick their wedding days and were indeed fortunate if they could pick their wives. The actual wedding dates were at the discretion of the emperor's astrologers, who demanded that all planetary aspects be perfected for state occasions. Likewise, the marriage arrangements of royalty depended on external political considerations, on military coalitions, alliances, fat dowries, or family ties, all of which were first checked against the stars. Then too, Moslem law allowed every man four wives; moreover, any respectable Mughal nobleman, if he did not wish to have his virility or solvency questioned, was expected to keep many concubines as well. For a prince, monogamy was impractical and unacceptable.


Mughal Painting of Mumtaz MahalFor five years Khurram and Arjumand waited. He grew into a startlingly handsome man and she matured into a lady of gentle temperament. For the entire period before their marriage they were not allowed to meet, and they passed the full five years of their engagement without ever once laying eyes on each other again. Finally, on March 27, 1612, when all the calculations of the astrologers were in accord, the long anticipated event took place.

The ceremony as is customary in Moslem weddings took place at the home of the bride. At midnight a gigantic feast - attended by the emperor himself, a rare honor - was given. And Jahangir, whose life considered principally of hunting antelope, drinking large quantities of wine mixed with tincture of opium, torturing men by sewing them wet animal carcasses, and romancing Nur Jahan - and who, from this bizarre range of worldly experience, had come to consider himself a walking encyclopedia - judged that the charm of Arjumand was incontestable. To show the great esteem he felt for his new daughter-in-law he bestowed on her the highest of honors, a new name. Henceforth she was to be known as Mumtaz Mahal, "Chosen One of the Palace."

Mumtaz Mahal : wife of Shah Jahan, Mughal Emperor



After their wedding, the prince was with Mumtaz Mahal day and night. She was beautiful and demure; the royal poets wrote that her loveliness made the moon hide its face in shame, while the stars extinguished their light in fear of being compared to her radiance. She was so intelligent that she soon became a political adviser to her husband. She was charitable, giving food to the peasants and silver to the beggars who called to her each morning outside the brick walls of the palace. She was compassionate, every day drawing up lists of helpless widows and orphans and making certain that the prince attended to their needs. She was generous, supporting hundreds of poor families and arranging pensions for hundreds more. She was, in short, a model of feminine virtue.



Mughal Emperor Shah JahanMeanwhile Khurram ascended to the Mughal throne on the 4th of February 1628. Shah Sultan Khurram became Shah Jahan, Emperor of the World.

The festivities of the coronation lasted for an entire month. When they were over, Shah Jahan quickly discovered his inheritance to be a vexatious legacy - a considerably overextended empire that already showed troublesome deterioration from the vagaries of his pleasure-loving father's negligent reign. On the other hand, Shah Jahan's private life, his life with Mumtaz Mahal, continued to be idyllic.

During their nineteen years together, Mumtaz Mahal gave Khurram fourteen children, only seven of whom survived. In 1630, during the third year of Shah Jahan's reign, Mumtaz Mahal was once again with child. Although she was pregnant, the emperor had allowed her to accompany him on his campaign against Khan Jahan Lodi, a treacherous renegade who had raised a large army in the Deccan.

Continued in Page 2

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Post a Comment
  • this is a really sad story of how the King did after his wife died in child birth. It's really sad.
    by Ryan on 17th May 2012
  • I likeed it a loute I loved it
    by MaKayla on 7th May 2012
  • .
    by MaKayla on 7th May 2012
  • ताज महल के सम्बन्ध में यह आम किवदंत्ती प्रचलित है कि ताजमहल के अन्दर मुमताज की कब्र पर सदैव बूँद बूँद कर पानी टपकता रहता है,, यदि यह सत्य है तो पूरे विश्व मे किसी किभी कब्र पर बूँद बूँद कर पानी नही टपकाया जाता,जबकि प्रत्येक हिंदू शिव मन्दिर में ही शिवलिंग पर बूँद बूँद कर पानी टपकाने की व्यवस्था की जाती है,फ़िर ताजमहल (मकबरे) में बूँद बूँद कर पानी टपकाने का क्या मतलब....????
    by ramesh verma on 23rd Jul 2011
    by Roshan patle on 23rd Jul 2011
    by ANKIT BHAIRAM on 23rd Jul 2011
  • this is very useful!
    by daphney on 28th Apr 2011
  • this is a very interesting story..... i love it!!
    by sunshyne on 2nd Mar 2011
  • or not.
    by Pierre-Alain Meunier on 2nd Dec 2010
  • this is beutiful story
    by dave on 10th Nov 2010
  • What a story
    could you shorten it or me plase.
    by emma on 30th Oct 2010
  • nice story..thanx for..the story..lovely
    i love it
    by naaz on 29th Oct 2010
  • i really need to know is this true for my school project
    by Erica on 21st Apr 2010
  • A powerful depiction of a love so pure and unconditional. Tagore beautifully captures the essence of this love story by emphasizing that wealth and glory will fade away in time, but love, in the form of a grand gesture (or a mere teardrop) will never ever fade away.
    by Sabina on 22nd Dec 2009
  • This is a very moving story of love of a husband for his wife. The Taj Mahal is a myth that has grown around this kernel of love. But there is also a dimension of history to the Taj Mahal, which Mr P. N. Oak was concerned to bring to the attention of the world. In my blog on <sulekha.com> I have provided a critical assessment of Mr Oak's work.
    by Shrinivas Tilak on 3rd Nov 2009
  • Very good! I was absorbed in the great description of the prince's love for his wife. Excellent job!
    by Sandhya on 29th Jul 2009
  • Unmovable, touching statement to show ones love. wish there were men like that in todays day and age!!!! but if we really lucky, and we look hard enough our own Shah Jahan might pitch to the occassion.
    by Abigail Brooklyn Ramchund on 1st Jun 2009
  • I totally agree!!!!! I love the Taj Mahal, I feel so proud that Muslims could do something so amazing. I just wish that more people would know that Muslims built it not Hindus, even if India is an Indian country. No offense to my Hindu buddies!!!!! But its true,right?
    by Nabila on 25th Nov 2008
  • I am pleased that, I went to this web site today. beleive me I am proud that the name Khuram has taken me to similar tastes and Admirations. I have to say i am pleased that Khuram Sha jaha has made history.....me being Khuram makes me feel proud I who lives in England, Manchester aged 24, who has a a royal taste of life. I love to be like him and live a life like him for once more..... and I only wish I can meet some one as Arjumand Banu Begam. takecare guys....I will be back!
    by Khuram on 22nd Oct 2008
  • it is really very amazing that one person loves to his dead wife until his death
    now a days nobody can create a monument for just her promises it is really very amazing
    and i must say i will be a man like a shahajahan
    by sajan on 17th Sep 2008
  • This is actually true...
    the taj was built for the late wife...
    and they were both burried there. He was dethroned for spending too much money on it.
    Read your history books before you speak idiots
    by Sarah on 11th Sep 2008
  • I think you are the sleeping truth, if you have children I am sorry!!!! You'r ignorance pushes me to save for my childrens education. i'd like to know where you'r resourse comes from???...
    by Janet on 11th Sep 2008
  • maybe you should do your homework guy., you'r obsenniyies speak your education. History will always be with us. We wouldn't exsist without it. Pick up A book!!! Read A line or two....Good-Luck To you guy. Respect what has past.....Appreciate what's to come.....
    by priyah on 11th Sep 2008
  • really!
    by sevda on 28th Jul 2008
  • moi je connais !!!
    by mr arbaoui on 29th Apr 2008
  • salut
    by laila on 17th Apr 2008
  • I loved this story. It is very powerful and loving. My girl said she would like me to do that. She said isn't it nice for a man to build a beautiful structure just for his wife?

    it"s really wonderful
    by bishwash on 24th Mar 2008
  • is this true?i need to know, for a school project...
    by elizabeth on 14th Mar 2008
  • I loved this story. It is very powerful and loving. My girl said she would like me to do that. She said isn't it nice for a man to build a beautiful structure just for his wife?
    by Mario Torres on 20th Feb 2008
  • beautiful story and ã captivating struture.... one of the most beautiful stories EVER 2 be read. movie is being remade with Aishwarya Bachchan as M. Mahal(best choice) and Bipasha Basu as her 14 and final child....i cannot wait to see that movie!!!
    by Tanisha T. on 9th Jan 2008
  • i wuz 2 bord 2 finish it- but wat i red wuz good :-)
    by 2 on 14th Dec 2007
  • I was killed by that bastard, his father
    in my former life.
    Quite a comfort knowing he will not born again from where he is
    by Emile on 13th Dec 2007
  • useful story, lovable
    by Fazal on 2nd Dec 2007
  • this story is so moving i am sending it to all of my friends. i sooooo wish i could go to india but i do have one question do the people of india worship mahtaz mahal?
    by Dee on 20th Nov 2007
  • I really wonder how such a big truth can be buried.Still the shiva lingas are buried there.Wat a pathetic condition for hindus.Please google and find out the sleeping truths.
    by priya on 16th Nov 2007
  • This is a shit story.Please dont believe this.Tajmahal is actually tejo mahalalaya a shiva temple.
    Please google on that and find out many truths.
    Shahjahan is a liar and a moron.
    Dont believe this story.It is fake.
    by priya on 16th Nov 2007
  • mint boi!!!!!
    by jesse on 27th Aug 2007
  • wow
    by lilo on 21st May 2007
  • I loved the wonderful story of the Taj Mahal. It just amazes me. I read this story to my 7-year old brother and he absolutely loved it and was very amazed on how it was created!
    by Suchi Parikh on 16th Apr 2007
  • When my heart is vulnerable, I find the love that I so need, and so want to share. Yes, this is beyond time, as is the Taj
    by eduardo delanderos-tierre on 7th Apr 2007
  • Pls include my name in the list to whom you send your newsletter.

    Thanks & Regards,

    ARM Hussain
    by ARM Hussain on 24th Feb 2007
  • Wish i had someone like prince Khuram.
    by sangeeta on 30th Nov 2006
  • please sent me an email and by the way the taj mahal is beautiful continue with the journey
    by Sofia Sheikh on 29th Oct 2006
  • This site is da bomb! It helped me so much and thanks!
    by Laura on 16th Oct 2006
  • I read this beutifully written story to my 10 yr. old daughter. She absolutely loved it. Thank you.
    by Lisa on 15th Oct 2006
  • Please read the link given below as well.

    by Subash Krishna on 26th Jun 2006
  • Taj is my dream place , havent seen it in real yet, but do dream it once a month at least !!!! Best dream of my Dreams lolz
    Can't wait to be there once in real before i die !!!!
    by eimaan on 30th May 2006
  • Wow!! I thought the taj mahal was a palace....but its a tomb!!!! facinatiing!!!! It is such a wicked story....I WANNA GO TO INDIA NOW!!! :-)
    by vallery monica francis rose on 4th Apr 2006
  • this is sooo coll man awesome!!! dis id deee bomb dude!!!
    by sammmy on 4th Apr 2006
  • i wish i had someone like price khuram
    by mariam on 23rd Mar 2006
  • please send the cristal Malik story to my E_mail.
    by Mariah on 17th Mar 2006
  • Most beatiful story that my finacee told me about and I love it's full texture of love and romance....
    by Crystal Malik on 20th Feb 2006
  • Greatest Story for Term Paper!!!!
    by Crystal Malik on 20th Feb 2006
  • Well my mum told me the story about this on our way to Taj mahal in 1999, when i got there i was shocked it was the most gorjus building ever, last week i went to watch the film & everything that my mum sed was right accept one thing, they chopped the mans hands off whom made the taj mahal but they dont show that in the film. anyways thats the only thing that has left me thinking, but other than its one lovely (sad ending love story) i would recommend evryone to go & watch it.
    by Louise on 6th Dec 2005
  • Its a wonderful true story.
    by Honey on 13th Oct 2005
  • Me lo pueden enviar el articulo en español, tuve un sueño donde se mencionaba al Taj Mahal y quiero saber mas, si alguien entiende mi idioma, por favor escribeme...Mil Gracias marquinho@infosel.com
    by Marco Antonio on 5th Aug 2005
  • Dis was a banger of a job
    by Rocky Maharaj on 17th May 2005
  • ll
    by mariam on 10th Apr 2005
  • VERY impressed with your site, and this article in particular; well researched, easily read, and worth bookmarking for future references as a source of reliablity. Thank you for the hard work in providing this site.
    by Idho Falconmyst on 17th Mar 2005
  • This was a TIGHT article. i mean it was so interesting. im doin a project on India and this is just what i needed. i never thought something so beautiful could have a story like that. whoever wrote that article did a BANGIN job!
    by Keyta on 16th Jan 2005
    by Rocky Maharaj on 14th Dec 2004
  • i would like to review this article
    by ankit on 13th Oct 2004
  • I agree with you. The REAL NAME is: TEj-O-Mahalaya. How can is possible that almost India governments were blind? The Cong and comunists were, are and will be traitors. They are yet "good coolies" for Western people. Myself and all True Indian-Vedic people must "put in order" those traitors that like and love only "money". They spent the money of the people in partys and gifts. JAY JAY BHARAT!!!
    by Octavio po on 25th Sep 2004
  • I have been twice and can't wait to visit again. Spent three days at the Taj. Any body bitching about the $20.00 to get in have not been to any of our national monuments where there is nothing to see and pay through the nose. Try Disney.
    by Gus Singh on 8th Sep 2004
  • i google searched taj mahal and i'm so thrilled that this link came up. i've been obsessed with the story of taj mahal mostly since sam roberts wrote such a great song about it. i have read many articles on it but this one seems to take the cake! thank you for such a great read!
    by christina on 11th Jul 2004



    by Taj Resuurector!! on 9th Jun 2004
    liked your article and thought that it was a very articulated piece of writing that
    shows great style and flair!
    Good Work!
    by Bookworm_Beauty on 31st May 2004
  • This was a good story, and on my report it gave me an a
    by Stephanie on 12th May 2004
    this is an awesome article. I am in grade 7 and doing a project on India. I didn't even read the whole article and i have TONS of info. already!! thanx for your help!!!

    by nasra on 4th May 2004
  • this is an awesome article. I am in grade 7 and doing a project on India. I didn't even read the whole article and i have TONS of info. already!! thanx for your help!!!
    by Lil_Angel on 29th Apr 2004
  • the passion of the report is amazing how much he loved her before i only knew that the taj was a tomb now i know the whole history and extra id love to see it some time my report gonna be great thanx
    by Lady Death on 27th Feb 2004
  • this article gave all the info i need im only in 7th grd and this astounded me the description was so clear and the pictures were great thanx so much maybe i'll get a good grade on my report.
    by abby on 27th Feb 2004
  • My friends, please read two books written by P.N.Oak...
    After reading both books, you will be
    able to verify which is true history and
    which is a nancy tale....lies...lies..lies.
    by mawaram on 25th Dec 2003
  • As I mentioned in my previous review, the Taj Mahal was constructed over 500 years prior to Shah Jahan's era. Carbon testing was done on the walls and the doors. The walls are over 500 years old and the doors are over 300 years old.
    Usually, invaders will demolish the doors first to get inside any building. This the reason why the doors are not as old as the walls. Why you removed my review in connection with the names of the books and authors for to get the true story of the Taj Mahal? I dare you to leave my review for one month. Bye
    by mawaram supan on 19th Dec 2003
  • i'm in shock that was such a great story but also sad it helped me find info. for my report!
    by ariel on 25th Oct 2003
  • Wow!!! this is an amazing article. Very useful. I have never been to the taj mahal before but now im dieing to go visit it.. i have been to india twice but unfortunately coudlnt make it... but after reading such an article i cant skip it anymore thank you so much... im talking abotu this beautiful piece of all time in my speech class :) if u have more info plz email me
    by Shila on 1st Jun 2003
  • This is very wonderful artical. Now, I got more information about taj mahal. I wish, I can go thereand see beautiful view.
    by harjit on 12th Apr 2003
  • It is an article based on previous colonial writing and adhere to the fact that Taj Mahal is a building of Love and not to Shiva.
    Every one knows that Muslims do not idolise any dead human being , hence so her wife remembrence.
    It is just another Indian building made for that purpose as India was in Muslim governess.
    by rama on 4th Apr 2003
    by thepul on 18th Mar 2003
  • first you need to open the search and then write "art-india.com"and than search it must give you lots of sites and you select number 2 .
    by rohit on 17th Feb 2003
    by chandrika on 11th Feb 2003
  • The way flow of this artical is written, one can easily see picture of whats described in the artical. Its so realistic and so lively. I can feel what must have happend at that time.!!!hats to this artical!!!
    by parikshit on 25th Jan 2003
  • This was really useful article for my senior project.....I found everything that I needed here.....
    by Manan on 14th Dec 2002
  • I would like to say that this was very good. I am only in 6th grade and I was impressed with this article.
    by Leona on 6th Nov 2002
  • i went to india in april of this year, i went to the taj mahal right before i was to leave india to go back home. it made such an impression on me. the detailed art work was amazing. i will never forget having the pleasure of seeing it with my own eyes. but mostly the feeling i had being there and knowing a man made this awesome building for the woman he loved. thank you for your article it was very well written. "it has been said there are two kinds of people, ones who have seen the taj mahal and ones who havent"
    by Nancy on 27th Oct 2002
  • I always look forward to your articles! I came so close to seeing and experiencing the Taj Mahal for myself in 1998 when I visited your exciting and beautiful country. After a time in Delhi and parts of Rajasthan I fell ill and had to skip Agra. I've always planned to get back to India even if I see a different part of it. I love it all! It is my idea of heaven and I would be satisfied to spend eternity listening to the music and filling my senses with all aspects of your culture (even the not-so-pleasant ones).
    by Leanne on 19th Sep 2002
  • Wow!!! absolutely amazing!!!
    This article has to be the most well written and informed I have read to date.

    Capturing the essence of the love a man can feel for his wife, and the lengths he will go to, to keep her memory alive.

    An inspirational story, one that will no doubt have us all thinking about the love in our life, and how much they really mean to us.
    by geeta seniaray jakhu on 18th Sep 2002
  • Hello all,
    i would just like to say that this was an amazing artical, me being just a young girl in her teenage years - i found it a little bit difficult but avoiding that point it was.....wow. I never knew any of this - the only reason i was is becoz i'm researching it for geography - quite amazingly fansinating INDEED!
    by Just a young girl on 18th Sep 2002
  • An excellent article, with lots of information which i would have never known. Hope to see such articles again and again
    by Siddhi on 13th Jul 2002
  • a beautiful well written article, rich with information.........enjoyed reading it
    by Maha on 3rd May 2002
  • please sent me some message
    by raju prajapati on 13th Apr 2002
  • It was a pleasure. A moving account of one man's love for a woman. Tagore's passage is a masterpiece!!!


    by Kit on 9th Apr 2002
  • very nice...
    continue on your journey^

    to love is to be
    by darius on 18th Jan 2002
  • A wonderful article and frankly speaking I've learned a lott 'bout the Taj and it's HistOry.Although I am A DJ And a MUltimedia animator by proffession ,still I have these Kindaa Interests 2 Know 'bout the History,culture&Heritage of Our country... Thanking U ..
    ArvInd...Please send Me More 'bout it....
    It's amazing and Interesting 2.....
    by DJ Arvind on 13th Dec 2001
  • Yes, Taj Mahal is extraordinary. The sum asked to
    enter is now exaggerated, it is necessary to pay
    20 dollars and it becomes discriminatory. I hope
    that all the lovers of India, as myself are going
    to write to the cultural service to stop(arrest)
    this racket(racketeering) tourism.<p>Thank you for your page of eulogies
    by Michel on 16th May 2001
  • A wonderful article - I've learned so much more than I ever knew about the Taj. Thank you.
    by Tina Thuermer on 16th May 2001
  • I simply was in heaven when I read the story behind the Taj Mahal and its birth. Please keep sending me your newsletters, I look so forward to them. It has enlightened me completely.
    by Sudha on 16th May 2001
Namaste and many thanks! Lovely collection you have! Tempted to buy so many books!
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I received my order. Thanks for giving the platform to purchase artifacts of our culture. You guys are doing a great job. Appreciate it and wish you guys the best.
Manju, USA
Fantastic! Thank You for amazing service and fast replies!
Sonia, Sweden
I’ve started receiving many of the books I’ve ordered and every single one of them (thus far) has been fantastic - both the books themselves, and the execution of the shipping. Safe to say I’ll be ordering many more books from your website :)
Hithesh, USA
I have received the book Evolution II.  Thank you so much for all of your assistance in making this book available to me.  You have been so helpful and kind.
Colleen, USA
Thanks Exotic India, I just received a set of two volume books: Brahmasutra Catuhsutri Sankara Bhasyam
I Gede Tunas
You guys are beyond amazing. The books you provide not many places have and I for one am so thankful to have found you.
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This is my first purchase from Exotic India and its really good to have such store with online buying option. Thanks, looking ahead to purchase many more such exotic product from you.
Probir, UAE
I received the kaftan today via FedEx. Your care in sending the order, packaging and methods, are exquisite. You have dressed my body in comfort and fashion for my constrained quarantine in the several kaftans ordered in the last 6 months. And I gifted my sister with one of the orders. So pleased to have made a connection with you.
Thank you for your wonderful service and amazing book selection. We are long time customers and have never been disappointed by your great store. Thank you and we will continue to shop at your store
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"Fiction in Mughal miniatures...are widely considered the couriers of realism in Indian art... the art is as appropriate a vehicle of fiction as the literature. Art does not always have tales to tell but is also not without them. The miniature art inclines to be realistic but even in portraying the real it often takes recourse to fiction... Realism, whether in art or literature, is not fiction's antithesis. On the contrary, it is as much an aspect of fiction as that of the realistic art... the fiction that evolved in early Indian miniatures is incidental to its source material, that is, the texts, which it illustrated... Mughal art continued with the text-based fiction illustrating...Persian classics..., the Ramayana, Mahabharata..and many others..."
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"The art of painting is often made to face a question: Is it an instrument that calibrates past... whether art is different from history or is only one of its alternative sources...haunt the minds of art critics and as often the conference halls of academic institutions... our mind is always keen to discover in art, whatever its genre, the world that it realizes through its senses or by its intellect and other faculties... Mughal art better reveals the world of Mughal days than do written histories or literary annals... (Indian) miniature art (is) both imaginative and realistic, but it is not imaginative in the sense in which are some of the abstract or symbolic art modes that seek to transform a materially 'existent' into an abstract symbol... The truth of an Indian miniature stands midway, somewhere in between the 'real' and the 'unreal', or imagined, and it is in this dilemma that it discovers its uniqueness..."
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