Warning: include(domaintitles/domaintitle_wiki.exoticindiaart.php3): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /home/exotic/newexotic/header.php3 on line 921

Warning: include(): Failed opening 'domaintitles/domaintitle_wiki.exoticindiaart.php3' for inclusion (include_path='.:/usr/lib/php:/usr/local/lib/php') in /home/exotic/newexotic/header.php3 on line 921

Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
Your interests (Optional)
This will help us make recommendations and send discounts and sale information at times.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Sign In  |  Sign up
Your Cart (0)
Best Deals
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
Books > Language and Literature > Sikh > An Introduction to the Sacred Language of the Sikhs
Subscribe to our newsletter and discounts
An Introduction to the Sacred Language of the Sikhs
Pages from the book
An Introduction to the Sacred Language of the Sikhs
Look Inside the Book
Description
About the Book

This book has been designed as a self-contained introductory course for anyone who wished to gain a knowledge of the original language of the Sikh scriptures. Those to whom it is a addressed are naturally expected to have an interest in and a concern for the teachings of Sikhism, but it has not been assumed that they will necessarily possess any specialized linguistic knowledge. It is also hoped, however, that users who do possess some knowledge of the modern language will benefit from working through the book.

The course is divided into three parts. Part-I comprises a brief introduction to the Gurmukhi script, with the aid of a simple system of Roman transliteration. The aim has bean to teach the antique conventions of 17th century Gurmukhi spelling, which differs in some respects from modern Punjabi orthography. The script should be thoroughly mastered before proceeding further since the use of the Roman script is later kept to a minimum.

Preface

This book has been designed as a self-contained introductory course for anyone who wishes to gain a knowledge of the original language of the Sikh scriptures. Those to whom it is addressed are naturally expected to have an interest in and a concern for the teachings of Sikhism, but it has not been assumed that they will necessarily possess any specialized linguistic knowledge. The course has indeed been intended primarily for those who know neither the Gurmukhi script nor modern Panjabi. It is also hoped, however, that users who do possess some knowledge of the modern language will benefit from working through the book.

The course is divided into three parts. Part I comprises a brief introduction to the Gurmukhi script, with the aid of a simple system of Roman transliteration. The aim has been to teach the antique conventions of 17th century Gurmukhi spelling, which differs in some respects from modern Panjabi orthography. The script should be thoroughly mastered before proceeding further, since the use of the Roman script is later kept to a minimum.

The bulk of the course consists of the 24 lessons of Part II. These are designed to introduce the grammar of the language of the Sikh scriptures in a graded sequence, beginning with the simplest forms and constructions, then gradually working through the more complex ones. Each lesson concludes with a vocabulary of newly introduced words, to be learnt by heart on their first appearance, followed by two exercises. One is a simple grammatical exercise for completion in the Gurmukhi script, the second a longer exercise in translation. All the verses provided for translation have been taken directly from the compositions of Guru Nanak, brief notes having been supplied where the original text might appear ambiguous. References are also supplied in an appendix, for use by those who wish to consult translations or commentaries.

The language of the Guru Granth Sahib, as taught here, is of very mixed character, since it draws upon a variety of local languages and dialects, as well as incorporating a good many archaic forms and words. In these respects it is entirely typical of the written languages in which the religious literatures of medieval India are mostly recorded. In order to avoid misleadingly simplified titles like 'Old Panjabi', the language has been referred to here as 'the sacred language of the Sikhs', abbreviated as SLS.

No attempt is made in the course to distinguish between the different local forms so frequently encountered as synonyms in SLS. Stress has rather been laid upon the basic grammatical categories into which the various forms fit, so that a newly introduced variant can readily be slotted into the appropriate category beside the more common equivalents already learnt.There are, for example, at least ten forms each in SLS corresponding to the English words 'is' and 'are'; it is much easier to learn these if the basic grammatical categories of the third person singular and plural of the present tense have been properly grasped. Careful attention should therefore be paid to each grammatical term as it is introduced. The grammatical tables ~ given at various points in Part II list most of the forms which will be commonly encountered and may be used for subsequent reference (cf. Lesson 14 for nouns, 15 for adjectives, 16 for pronouns, and 18 and 24 for verbs).

The composite language here referred to as SLS was used by the Sikh Gurus for the bulk of their compositions from the time of Guru Nanak (1469- 1539) down to the period of the original compilation of the Guru Granth Shib in 1604 by the fifth Guru Arjan. Although the language of the other saint- poets, such as Kabir and Namdev, whose compositions were included by Guru Arjan in the Guru Granth Shib, is generally very similar in character to that employed by the Sikh Gurus, no special attempt has been made to include a full description of the distinctive local grammatical forms encountered in their verses. A language similar to that of the Sikh Gurus is found in the verse vars of Guru Arjan's close associate Bhai Gurdas (d. 1637).

The language of the 17th century hagiographies of Guru Nanak known as janamsakhis is also similar to the verse SLS of the Gurus. The fact that these hagiographies are written in prose does, however, naturally entail some differences: and one may also detect in them a partial transition to a simpler modern language (a feature also characteristic of the compositions of Guru Arjan when compared with those of Guru Nanak).

Part III of the course has been designed as a short introductory reader to the main varieties of early Sikh religious literature. Extended extracts are provided from the works of Guru Nanak, with a few examples taken from those of his successors and from Bhai Gurdas. The course concludes with some typical extracts from a janamsakhi, prefaced by a short explanation of the principal distinctive features of the language of this genre. All the passages in Part III are accompanied by vocabularies and notes.

After the entire course has been worked through, most early Sikh literature should be accessible in the original, with the help of the available English translations and such aids as my previously compiled A Guru Nanak Glossary (London: SOAS, 1981), from which the present book has grown.

It may finally be pointed out that the course has not been designed to serve as an introduction to the language of later Sikh religious writings. While still written in the sacred Gurmukhi script, these are largely composed not in the old SLS but in the Braj variety of Hindi, the principal component of the language of the Dasam Granth of the tenth Guru Gobind Singh (1666- 1708). With the Sikh renaissance of the later 19th century, this in turn gave way to modern standard Panjabi, the chief medium of expression for modern Sikh thought and scholarship.

My thanks are due to Dr. Owen Cole and to Upkar Kaur Ubhi, who both worked through the first draft of the course, and who made many valuable suggestions, both explicit and implicit, for its improvement.

Contents

Part I: The Gurmukhi Script Page 1
Part II: Grammar 16
Part-III: Selected Readings 202
Appendix    












An Introduction to the Sacred Language of the Sikhs

Item Code:
NAN141
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
1999
Publisher:
ISBN:
9780728601079
Language:
Punjabi Text With English Translation
Size:
11.5 inch x 8.5 inch
Pages:
215
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 770 gms
Price:
$43.00   Shipping Free
Look Inside the Book
Be the first to rate this product
Add to Wishlist
Send as e-card
Send as free online greeting card
An Introduction to the Sacred Language of the Sikhs
From:
Edit     
You will be informed as and when your card is viewed. Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days.

Viewed 3905 times since 25th May, 2017
About the Book

This book has been designed as a self-contained introductory course for anyone who wished to gain a knowledge of the original language of the Sikh scriptures. Those to whom it is a addressed are naturally expected to have an interest in and a concern for the teachings of Sikhism, but it has not been assumed that they will necessarily possess any specialized linguistic knowledge. It is also hoped, however, that users who do possess some knowledge of the modern language will benefit from working through the book.

The course is divided into three parts. Part-I comprises a brief introduction to the Gurmukhi script, with the aid of a simple system of Roman transliteration. The aim has bean to teach the antique conventions of 17th century Gurmukhi spelling, which differs in some respects from modern Punjabi orthography. The script should be thoroughly mastered before proceeding further since the use of the Roman script is later kept to a minimum.

Preface

This book has been designed as a self-contained introductory course for anyone who wishes to gain a knowledge of the original language of the Sikh scriptures. Those to whom it is addressed are naturally expected to have an interest in and a concern for the teachings of Sikhism, but it has not been assumed that they will necessarily possess any specialized linguistic knowledge. The course has indeed been intended primarily for those who know neither the Gurmukhi script nor modern Panjabi. It is also hoped, however, that users who do possess some knowledge of the modern language will benefit from working through the book.

The course is divided into three parts. Part I comprises a brief introduction to the Gurmukhi script, with the aid of a simple system of Roman transliteration. The aim has been to teach the antique conventions of 17th century Gurmukhi spelling, which differs in some respects from modern Panjabi orthography. The script should be thoroughly mastered before proceeding further, since the use of the Roman script is later kept to a minimum.

The bulk of the course consists of the 24 lessons of Part II. These are designed to introduce the grammar of the language of the Sikh scriptures in a graded sequence, beginning with the simplest forms and constructions, then gradually working through the more complex ones. Each lesson concludes with a vocabulary of newly introduced words, to be learnt by heart on their first appearance, followed by two exercises. One is a simple grammatical exercise for completion in the Gurmukhi script, the second a longer exercise in translation. All the verses provided for translation have been taken directly from the compositions of Guru Nanak, brief notes having been supplied where the original text might appear ambiguous. References are also supplied in an appendix, for use by those who wish to consult translations or commentaries.

The language of the Guru Granth Sahib, as taught here, is of very mixed character, since it draws upon a variety of local languages and dialects, as well as incorporating a good many archaic forms and words. In these respects it is entirely typical of the written languages in which the religious literatures of medieval India are mostly recorded. In order to avoid misleadingly simplified titles like 'Old Panjabi', the language has been referred to here as 'the sacred language of the Sikhs', abbreviated as SLS.

No attempt is made in the course to distinguish between the different local forms so frequently encountered as synonyms in SLS. Stress has rather been laid upon the basic grammatical categories into which the various forms fit, so that a newly introduced variant can readily be slotted into the appropriate category beside the more common equivalents already learnt.There are, for example, at least ten forms each in SLS corresponding to the English words 'is' and 'are'; it is much easier to learn these if the basic grammatical categories of the third person singular and plural of the present tense have been properly grasped. Careful attention should therefore be paid to each grammatical term as it is introduced. The grammatical tables ~ given at various points in Part II list most of the forms which will be commonly encountered and may be used for subsequent reference (cf. Lesson 14 for nouns, 15 for adjectives, 16 for pronouns, and 18 and 24 for verbs).

The composite language here referred to as SLS was used by the Sikh Gurus for the bulk of their compositions from the time of Guru Nanak (1469- 1539) down to the period of the original compilation of the Guru Granth Shib in 1604 by the fifth Guru Arjan. Although the language of the other saint- poets, such as Kabir and Namdev, whose compositions were included by Guru Arjan in the Guru Granth Shib, is generally very similar in character to that employed by the Sikh Gurus, no special attempt has been made to include a full description of the distinctive local grammatical forms encountered in their verses. A language similar to that of the Sikh Gurus is found in the verse vars of Guru Arjan's close associate Bhai Gurdas (d. 1637).

The language of the 17th century hagiographies of Guru Nanak known as janamsakhis is also similar to the verse SLS of the Gurus. The fact that these hagiographies are written in prose does, however, naturally entail some differences: and one may also detect in them a partial transition to a simpler modern language (a feature also characteristic of the compositions of Guru Arjan when compared with those of Guru Nanak).

Part III of the course has been designed as a short introductory reader to the main varieties of early Sikh religious literature. Extended extracts are provided from the works of Guru Nanak, with a few examples taken from those of his successors and from Bhai Gurdas. The course concludes with some typical extracts from a janamsakhi, prefaced by a short explanation of the principal distinctive features of the language of this genre. All the passages in Part III are accompanied by vocabularies and notes.

After the entire course has been worked through, most early Sikh literature should be accessible in the original, with the help of the available English translations and such aids as my previously compiled A Guru Nanak Glossary (London: SOAS, 1981), from which the present book has grown.

It may finally be pointed out that the course has not been designed to serve as an introduction to the language of later Sikh religious writings. While still written in the sacred Gurmukhi script, these are largely composed not in the old SLS but in the Braj variety of Hindi, the principal component of the language of the Dasam Granth of the tenth Guru Gobind Singh (1666- 1708). With the Sikh renaissance of the later 19th century, this in turn gave way to modern standard Panjabi, the chief medium of expression for modern Sikh thought and scholarship.

My thanks are due to Dr. Owen Cole and to Upkar Kaur Ubhi, who both worked through the first draft of the course, and who made many valuable suggestions, both explicit and implicit, for its improvement.

Contents

Part I: The Gurmukhi Script Page 1
Part II: Grammar 16
Part-III: Selected Readings 202
Appendix    












Post a Comment
 
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy
Based on your browsing history
Loading... Please wait

Items Related to An Introduction to the Sacred Language of the Sikhs (Language and Literature | Books)

Language, Ideology and Power (Language-Learning Among The Muslims of Pakistan and North India)
Deal 20% Off
Item Code: NAI303
$52.00$41.60
You save: $10.40 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Dasam Granth: The Second Scripture of the Sikhs written by Sri Guru Gobind Singh
Deal 10% Off
Item Code: IDE810
$77.00$69.30
You save: $7.70 (10%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Dictionary of Sikh Names
Deal 20% Off
Item Code: IDG929
$21.00$16.80
You save: $4.20 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Ardas of The Sikhs (A Distinctive Prayer)
Deal 20% Off
Item Code: NAF022
$37.50$30.00
You save: $7.50 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Sikh Perspective of Human Values (An Old Book)
Item Code: NAR723
$29.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Asa Di Var 'Way to God in Sikhism'
Item Code: IHL496
$31.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Bed Time Stories  1 (Guru Gobind Singh Ji)
Item Code: IDK801
$17.50
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Indian Diaspora: In Search of Identity
Item Code: NAW157
$32.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Testimonials
Thank you so much. Your service is amazing. 
Kiran, USA
I received the two books today from my order. The package was intact, and the books arrived in excellent condition. Thank you very much and hope you have a great day. Stay safe, stay healthy,
Smitha, USA
Over the years, I have purchased several statues, wooden, bronze and brass, from Exotic India. The artists have shown exquisite attention to details. These deities are truly awe-inspiring. I have been very pleased with the purchases.
Heramba, USA
The Green Tara that I ordered on 10/12 arrived today.  I am very pleased with it.
William USA
Excellent!!! Excellent!!!
Fotis, Greece
Amazing how fast your order arrived, beautifully packed, just as described.  Thank you very much !
Verena, UK
I just received my package. It was just on time. I truly appreciate all your work Exotic India. The packaging is excellent. I love all my 3 orders. Admire the craftsmanship in all 3 orders. Thanks so much.
Rajalakshmi, USA
Your books arrived in good order and I am very pleased.
Christine, the Netherlands
Thank you very much for the Shri Yantra with Navaratna which has arrived here safely. I noticed that you seem to have had some difficulty in posting it so thank you...Posting anything these days is difficult because the ordinary postal services are either closed or functioning weakly.   I wish the best to Exotic India which is an excellent company...
Mary, Australia
Love your website and the emails
John, USA
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2020 © Exotic India