Warning: include(domaintitles/domaintitle_wiki.exoticindiaart.php3): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /home/exotic/newexotic/header.php3 on line 921

Warning: include(): Failed opening 'domaintitles/domaintitle_wiki.exoticindiaart.php3' for inclusion (include_path='.:/usr/lib/php:/usr/local/lib/php') in /home/exotic/newexotic/header.php3 on line 921

Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
Your interests (Optional)
This will help us make recommendations and send discounts and sale information at times.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Sign In  |  Sign up
Your Cart (0)
Best Deals
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
Books > Philosophy > Hindu > Shankara and Indian Philosophy
Subscribe to our newsletter and discounts
Shankara and Indian Philosophy
Shankara and Indian Philosophy
Description
About the Book

According to Advaita-Vedanta, God or Brahman is identical with the inner self (the Atman) of each person, while the rest of the world is nothing but ob- jective illusion (maya). Shankara maintains that there are two primary levels of existence and knowledge: the higher knowledge that is Brahman it- self, and the relative, limited knowledge, regarded as the very tex- ture of the universe. Consequently, the task of human being is to reach ab- solute unity and the reality of Brahman-in other words, to reach the innermost self within his or her own being, discarding on the way all tem- porary characteristics and attributes.

"The book is extremely interesting and easy to follow. It will be a landmark work in the study of Shankara. No one else in the last fifty years has had courage to tackle the whole of Shankara's work in the con- text of India's other philosophical traditions. The Comparisons with other Indian traditions are often brilliant and the comparisons with modem Western thinkers illuminating and suggestive.

"Well-organized, clear, and coherent, it builds on the work of other Indologists, proceeding by way of analysis of original texts. By comparing Shankara's thought first with the thought of those systems most alien to it (for example Lokayata and Sarvastivada), the larger context and picture of Advaita comes clearly into view. By then going on to compare Shankara with allied traditions (for example Mimamsa, Vishishthadvaita, and Dvaita Vedanta), the subtleties of his thought are brought out. Throughout, the reader gets a sense of the lively en- counter of ideas that characterize the development of India's philosophical traditions."

 

About the Author

Natalia Isayeva is a researcher at the Institute of Oriental Studies in Moscow (Russian Academy of Sciences.)

 

Introduction

The history of mankind can boast not only of its times of fame and glory but also of quieter times with a different kind of heroism. People cherish not only the names of great warriors and politicians but also the memory of sages, poets and spiritual teachers. Some of them died in oblivion, only to become absolutely indispensable at some crucial turning point in the development of cultural or religious life. (One remembers how, half a century after his death, Soren Kierkegaard, the eccentric Protestant mystic was posthumously recognized as a founder of existentialist trends in religious and philosophic thought.) Others were luckier: they came to this world so opportunely that their teachings were destined to influence their surroundings, enthrall thousands of follo';ers and stamp the epoch with their own image. Such were the founders of the 'forld religions and also such figures as Francis d'Assisi and Martin Luther.

According to the religious tradition of India, a happy correspondence between the efforts of a sage or reformer and the response of his followers is explained rather' simply: when the world once again becomes steeped in sin or ignorance and deviates too far from the true path of knowledge, the higher God Visnu or Siva-is embodied again and enters the world to restore its moral order. We have heard of ten principle auatiiras' of Visnu amongwhom one may note Krsna, who took part in the famous battle between the Pandavas and the Kauravas on the field of Kuru as a charioteer and spiri tual guide ofthe hero Arjuna. Many orthodox Hindus still believe that one of the aoatiiras of Siva was Sankara, the philosopher and religious figure of the early mediaeval period.

Sankara is an amazing figure and, to my mind, the most brilliant personality in the history of India thought. An outstanding religious philosopher and mystical poet, an orthodox theologian and a shrewd reformer, a founder of monasteries, an errant preacher and a brilliant polem- ist-this is not even a full enumeration of his achieve- ments, known to contemporaries and, more than a thou- sand years later, to us as well. He is believed to have died at the age of 32, approximately the age of Christ, but during his lifetime he managed to compose more than 400 works of various genres and to travel throughout nearly all of South India, edifying disciples and disputing opponents. It is Sankara's preaching and philosophic activity that, in the eyes of orthodox tradition, accounts for the ultimate ousting of Buddhism from India in about the eighth century AD, and the revival of Brahmanism. But what matters most is not even the scale of the task set before the philosopher. The teaching of Sankara is an example of extreme, perhaps unprecedented intellectual courage: starting with the orthodox idea of the unity of all being, he did not shy away from tracing all its conse- quences.

Vedanta, a religious and philosophical school founded by Sankara, was shaped later than other darsanas: it happened after India had passed through Buddhist temp- tation and was moving back towards the womb of Brah- manist religion. The very name ofthis system (veda-anta, literally, end of the Vedas) is interpreted either as a systematic summary of their main points or as a school having its immediate source in the final portions of the Vedas, that is, in the Upanisads.

According to the venerable tradition of coupling ortho- dox philosophical schools, Vedanta is usually grouped with Mtmamsa; hence its other name=-Uttara-Mtmamsa, or later Mimamsa. In contrast to Piirva-Mimamsa, or first MimaqlSa, which also declared its close connection with sacred scripture, Vedanta teaches not about ritual rules and laws, based primarily on the literal interpretation of Vedic texts, but about the integral sense of revelation. Philosophic trends within Vedanta vary greatly: starting with Sankara's monistic school, passing through the sys- tem of Ramanuja, where the world and souls are consid- ered to be parts or attributes of eternal Brahman, and winding up in the theistic dualism of Madhva, where Brahman is opposed to nature and living beings.

The system of Sankara is called Advaita-Vedanta, that is, non-dual Vedanta; its task is to teach about eternal Brahman as the higher and only reality. Here Brahman is not simply one from the standpoint of higher knowledge (ptiramiirtli ik am), nothing ever happened to it; all the multiplicity of the phenomenal world is unfolded through miiyii, its own creative power. Maya is a kind of screen or magic illusion but, at the same time, it is the reverse side of Brahman itself. Just as a rope in the hands of ajuggler seems to turn into a snake, or just as a piece of shell can be taken for silver from a distance, the qualities of the uni- verse, according to Advaita- Vedanta, are only tern porarily superimposed on the unchanging foundation of being. Liberation from this cosmic illusion (mohsa) is achieved only through the return to Brahman as true knowledge.

 

Contents

 

Chapter I: Introduction 1
Chapter II: The Beginning of Vedanta: A Historical Sketch 19
1 Vedanta and Heterodox Schools in Historical Retrospective 19
2 Predecessors of Sankara 30
Chapter III: Biography of Sankara And His Main Morks 69
1 Sankara's Life 69
2 Works of Sankara: Reliability of attribution and composition Peculiarities 91
Chapter IV: Pure Brahman as Consciousness: Apophatic Theology and the Problem of Contradiction 105
1 Sankara's Advaita and Lokryata 105
2 Advaita and Jainism 130
Chapter V: Brahman as Being: Cataphatic Theology and the Boldness of Heretics 145
1 Sankara's Polemics with Saavrstivada 145
2 Sankara and Mahayaan Buddhist Schools 172
Chapter VI: Brahman in Language and Ritual: Freedom and Moral Duties 199
1 Advaita and Purva-Mimamsa 199
2 The Problem of the Human Soul: Advaita and its Closest Counterparts 218
Chapter VII: Conclusion 236
1 Summary 236
2 Vedanta after Sankara 240
  Bibliography 256
  Index 273

Sample Pages



Shankara and Indian Philosophy

Item Code:
NAD715
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
1993
ISBN:
8170303737
Size:
9.0 inch X 5.5 inch
Pages:
285
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 438 gms
Price:
$29.00
Discounted:
$21.75   Shipping Free
You Save:
$7.25 (25%)
Be the first to rate this product
Add to Wishlist
Send as e-card
Send as free online greeting card
Shankara and Indian Philosophy
From:
Edit     
You will be informed as and when your card is viewed. Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days.

Viewed 4973 times since 8th Oct, 2015
About the Book

According to Advaita-Vedanta, God or Brahman is identical with the inner self (the Atman) of each person, while the rest of the world is nothing but ob- jective illusion (maya). Shankara maintains that there are two primary levels of existence and knowledge: the higher knowledge that is Brahman it- self, and the relative, limited knowledge, regarded as the very tex- ture of the universe. Consequently, the task of human being is to reach ab- solute unity and the reality of Brahman-in other words, to reach the innermost self within his or her own being, discarding on the way all tem- porary characteristics and attributes.

"The book is extremely interesting and easy to follow. It will be a landmark work in the study of Shankara. No one else in the last fifty years has had courage to tackle the whole of Shankara's work in the con- text of India's other philosophical traditions. The Comparisons with other Indian traditions are often brilliant and the comparisons with modem Western thinkers illuminating and suggestive.

"Well-organized, clear, and coherent, it builds on the work of other Indologists, proceeding by way of analysis of original texts. By comparing Shankara's thought first with the thought of those systems most alien to it (for example Lokayata and Sarvastivada), the larger context and picture of Advaita comes clearly into view. By then going on to compare Shankara with allied traditions (for example Mimamsa, Vishishthadvaita, and Dvaita Vedanta), the subtleties of his thought are brought out. Throughout, the reader gets a sense of the lively en- counter of ideas that characterize the development of India's philosophical traditions."

 

About the Author

Natalia Isayeva is a researcher at the Institute of Oriental Studies in Moscow (Russian Academy of Sciences.)

 

Introduction

The history of mankind can boast not only of its times of fame and glory but also of quieter times with a different kind of heroism. People cherish not only the names of great warriors and politicians but also the memory of sages, poets and spiritual teachers. Some of them died in oblivion, only to become absolutely indispensable at some crucial turning point in the development of cultural or religious life. (One remembers how, half a century after his death, Soren Kierkegaard, the eccentric Protestant mystic was posthumously recognized as a founder of existentialist trends in religious and philosophic thought.) Others were luckier: they came to this world so opportunely that their teachings were destined to influence their surroundings, enthrall thousands of follo';ers and stamp the epoch with their own image. Such were the founders of the 'forld religions and also such figures as Francis d'Assisi and Martin Luther.

According to the religious tradition of India, a happy correspondence between the efforts of a sage or reformer and the response of his followers is explained rather' simply: when the world once again becomes steeped in sin or ignorance and deviates too far from the true path of knowledge, the higher God Visnu or Siva-is embodied again and enters the world to restore its moral order. We have heard of ten principle auatiiras' of Visnu amongwhom one may note Krsna, who took part in the famous battle between the Pandavas and the Kauravas on the field of Kuru as a charioteer and spiri tual guide ofthe hero Arjuna. Many orthodox Hindus still believe that one of the aoatiiras of Siva was Sankara, the philosopher and religious figure of the early mediaeval period.

Sankara is an amazing figure and, to my mind, the most brilliant personality in the history of India thought. An outstanding religious philosopher and mystical poet, an orthodox theologian and a shrewd reformer, a founder of monasteries, an errant preacher and a brilliant polem- ist-this is not even a full enumeration of his achieve- ments, known to contemporaries and, more than a thou- sand years later, to us as well. He is believed to have died at the age of 32, approximately the age of Christ, but during his lifetime he managed to compose more than 400 works of various genres and to travel throughout nearly all of South India, edifying disciples and disputing opponents. It is Sankara's preaching and philosophic activity that, in the eyes of orthodox tradition, accounts for the ultimate ousting of Buddhism from India in about the eighth century AD, and the revival of Brahmanism. But what matters most is not even the scale of the task set before the philosopher. The teaching of Sankara is an example of extreme, perhaps unprecedented intellectual courage: starting with the orthodox idea of the unity of all being, he did not shy away from tracing all its conse- quences.

Vedanta, a religious and philosophical school founded by Sankara, was shaped later than other darsanas: it happened after India had passed through Buddhist temp- tation and was moving back towards the womb of Brah- manist religion. The very name ofthis system (veda-anta, literally, end of the Vedas) is interpreted either as a systematic summary of their main points or as a school having its immediate source in the final portions of the Vedas, that is, in the Upanisads.

According to the venerable tradition of coupling ortho- dox philosophical schools, Vedanta is usually grouped with Mtmamsa; hence its other name=-Uttara-Mtmamsa, or later Mimamsa. In contrast to Piirva-Mimamsa, or first MimaqlSa, which also declared its close connection with sacred scripture, Vedanta teaches not about ritual rules and laws, based primarily on the literal interpretation of Vedic texts, but about the integral sense of revelation. Philosophic trends within Vedanta vary greatly: starting with Sankara's monistic school, passing through the sys- tem of Ramanuja, where the world and souls are consid- ered to be parts or attributes of eternal Brahman, and winding up in the theistic dualism of Madhva, where Brahman is opposed to nature and living beings.

The system of Sankara is called Advaita-Vedanta, that is, non-dual Vedanta; its task is to teach about eternal Brahman as the higher and only reality. Here Brahman is not simply one from the standpoint of higher knowledge (ptiramiirtli ik am), nothing ever happened to it; all the multiplicity of the phenomenal world is unfolded through miiyii, its own creative power. Maya is a kind of screen or magic illusion but, at the same time, it is the reverse side of Brahman itself. Just as a rope in the hands of ajuggler seems to turn into a snake, or just as a piece of shell can be taken for silver from a distance, the qualities of the uni- verse, according to Advaita- Vedanta, are only tern porarily superimposed on the unchanging foundation of being. Liberation from this cosmic illusion (mohsa) is achieved only through the return to Brahman as true knowledge.

 

Contents

 

Chapter I: Introduction 1
Chapter II: The Beginning of Vedanta: A Historical Sketch 19
1 Vedanta and Heterodox Schools in Historical Retrospective 19
2 Predecessors of Sankara 30
Chapter III: Biography of Sankara And His Main Morks 69
1 Sankara's Life 69
2 Works of Sankara: Reliability of attribution and composition Peculiarities 91
Chapter IV: Pure Brahman as Consciousness: Apophatic Theology and the Problem of Contradiction 105
1 Sankara's Advaita and Lokryata 105
2 Advaita and Jainism 130
Chapter V: Brahman as Being: Cataphatic Theology and the Boldness of Heretics 145
1 Sankara's Polemics with Saavrstivada 145
2 Sankara and Mahayaan Buddhist Schools 172
Chapter VI: Brahman in Language and Ritual: Freedom and Moral Duties 199
1 Advaita and Purva-Mimamsa 199
2 The Problem of the Human Soul: Advaita and its Closest Counterparts 218
Chapter VII: Conclusion 236
1 Summary 236
2 Vedanta after Sankara 240
  Bibliography 256
  Index 273

Sample Pages



Post a Comment
 
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy
Based on your browsing history
Loading... Please wait

Items Related to Shankara and Indian Philosophy (Philosophy | Books)

Advaitic Mysticism of Sankara
Deal 20% Off
by A. Ramamurty
Hardcover (Edition: 2013)
D. K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Item Code: NAG243
$31.00$18.60
You save: $12.40 (20 + 25%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Imitation of Sankara Being (A Collection of Several Texts Bearing on the Advaita)
by M.N. Dvivedi
Hardcover (Edition: 1988)
Sri Satguru Publications
Item Code: NAC309
$24.00$18.00
You save: $6.00 (25%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Prolegomena to Advaita Vedanta (A Study Based on the Adhyasa-Bhasya of Sri Sankara)
Item Code: NAI170
$29.00$21.75
You save: $7.25 (25%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Shankara's Universal Philosophy of Religion
Item Code: IHD59
$24.50$18.38
You save: $6.12 (25%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Advaita Philosophy of Sri Adhi Sankara
Item Code: NAK173
$23.00$17.25
You save: $5.75 (25%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Sri Sankara's (Shankaracharya) Teachings In His Own Words
by Swami Atmananda
Paperback (Edition: 2011)
Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan
Item Code: IDE081
$20.00$15.00
You save: $5.00 (25%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Salient Features of Sankara’s Vedanta
Item Code: IHL830
$16.00$12.00
You save: $4.00 (25%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Testimonials
Thank you for really great prices compared to other sellers. I have recommended your website to over 40 of my classmates.
Kimia, USA
I am so happy to have found you!! What a wonderful source for books of Indian origin at reasonable cost! Thank you!
Urvi, USA
I very much appreciate your web site and the products you have available. I especially like the ancient cookbooks you have and am always looking for others here to share with my friends.
Sam, USA
Very good service thank you. Keep up the good work !
Charles, Switzerland
Namaste! Thank you for your kind assistance! I would like to inform that your package arrived today and all is very well. I appreciate all your support and definitively will continue ordering form your company again in the near future!
Lizette, Puerto Rico
I just wanted to thank you again, mere dost, for shipping the Nataraj. We now have it in our home, thanks to you and Exotic India. We are most grateful. Bahut dhanyavad!
Drea and Kalinidi, Ireland
I am extremely very happy to see an Indian website providing arts, crafts and books from all over India and dispatching to all over the world ! Great work, keep it going. Looking forward to more and more purchase from you. Thank you for your service.
Vrunda
We have always enjoyed your products.
Elizabeth, USA
Thank you for the prompt delivery of the bowl, which I am very satisfied with.
Frans, the Netherlands
I have received my books and they are in perfect condition. You provide excellent service to your customers, DHL too, and I thank you for that. I recommended you to my friend who is the director of the Aurobindo bookstore.
Mr. Forget from Montreal
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2020 © Exotic India